Estimation of prevalence of headphone usage during driving and awareness about their health hazards among medical undergraduates

Dhruvendra Pandey, Satish Saroshe, Sanjay Dixit, Yogesh Sabde


Background: As year passes, numbers of vehicles on road are increasing at the same time numbers of accidents are increasing. One of the major contributors for these accidents is the distraction created by headphone use during driving. Youngsters which are the major contributor for any nation’s development are lost due to these accidents. Aims: To estimate prevalence of headphone use while driving among medical graduates and find out felt problems associated with headphone usage while driving.

Methods: Setting and design: An observation (Cross-sectional) study was conducted in government medical college situated in urban area.Technique: 260 medical under graduate were selected for study. A semi structured questionnaire was used as study tool for observation. Written informed consent was obtained from all the participants.Statistical analysis used: The data was analyzed using appropriate statistical software (MS excel).

Results: In this Study out of 260 medical undergraduates, 192 (73.85%) boys and 68 (26.15%) girls participated. 37.30% students were using headphone during driving out of which 20.77% were always using with every drive and 16.53% were occasionally using headphone. Only 71 (27.31%) student were not using helmet during driving. 37.11% students used headphone for both talking and listening songs, they prefer to listen songs in high volume (21.65%). 65% students had knowledge about health hazards associated with headphone usage.

Conclusions: Prevalence of headphone usage during driving among medical undergraduates was found to be 37.3%. Despite of the awareness of health hazards associated with headphone usage, most of the students prefer headphone over helmet.


Accident, Headphone, Medical students, Prevalence, Traffic rules

Full Text:



World Health Organization. Road traffic injuries, March 2013. Available at: Accessed 11 September 2013.

CDC - Injury Prevention & Control: Motor Vehicle Safety. Distracted driving, 2013. Available at: Accessed 12 October 2013.

World Health Organization. What are the health risks associated with mobile phones and their base stations? September 2013. Available at: Accessed 12 October 3013.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Policy statement and compiled FAQs on distracted driving, 2013. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

National Safety Council. Annual estimate of cell phone crashes, 2012. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

Strayer DL, Drews FA, Crouch DJ. A comparison of the cell phone driver and the drunk driver. Hum Factors. 2006 Summer;48(2):381-91.

Yagesh Bhambhani, Mayank Rehani. Using hands-free device while driving can be dangerous, 2013. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2013.

The Central Motor Vehicle Rules 1989. Inserted by G.S.R. 221(E), 2001. Available at: Accessed 28 March 2001.

The Hindu. Use mobile phone while driving in Chennai, lose license, 2014. Available at: Accessed 15 October 2014.

Edgar Snyder & Associates. Statistics on texting & cell phone use while driving, 2013. Available at: Accessed 12 October 2013.