DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20171766

A study on nutritional status of adolescent girls of Dongria Kondh tribe

Sikata Nanda, Rabi Narayan Dhar

Abstract


Background: Nutritional status of adolescent girls are different from the younger children and older adults. In the tribal population they are more neglected in comparison to boys because of limited resources and health care facilities. In the present study we have done assessment of nutritional status of adolescent girls in the Dongria Kondh tribe in Odisha.

Methods: Dongria Kondh’ residing in Rayagada district of Odisha, having its maximum concentration was studied. Bissam Cuttack block was selected randomly as the study area. Moreover, coincidently majority of the study population resided in the block having villages like Kurli, Khambesi, Hundijali, Muthesi, Khajuri, Mundabali and Uppar Gandatallli which are situated as a distance of 5000 ft height above sea level. 89 adolescent girls were considered to assess the nutritional status of tribal adolescent girls of Dongria Kondh tribe to study the different factors associated with the nutritional status of the girls and to suggest remedial measures for integrated development of the adolescent girls.

Results: Most of the girls (81%) were from nuclear family. All girls belonged to low socio economic status. The energy intake was adequate only in 35% of study subjects. The protein intake was adequate in only 38% of study subjects. The common types of food consumed was rice, ragi and seasonal fruits and all were non vegetarian.

Conclusions: The widespread problem of poverty, illiteracy, malnutrition, absence of sanitary living condition, ignorance of cause of disease still are the contributing factors for the deplorable condition prevailing amongst the adolescent girls of the tribal group. As they are future mothers, improvement of nutritional status should be the primary objective. 


Keywords


Adolescent, Dongria kondh, Nutritional

Full Text:

PDF

References


Mahapatra. Tribes of Orissa, SC & ST, R&TI BBSR. 2008;4:29-38.

World Health Organization. Growth reference data for 5-19 years. Available at: http://www.who. int/growthref/who2007/en/index.html. Accessed on 2 March 2017.

Sil SK, Roy Sarkar S, Saha S, Roy S. Assessment of nutritional status of rural tribal children in Tripura. Indian Pediatr. 2011;48:488–9.

Rao KM, Balakrishna N, Laxmaiah A, Venkaiah K, Brahmam GNV. Diet and nutritional status of adolescent tribal population in nine states of India. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2006;15:64–71.

Maiti S, Ghosh D, Paul S. Prevalence of thinness among early adolescent in rural school girls of Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India. J Trop Pediatr. 2011;57:496–7.

Chakrabarty S, Bharati P. Physical growth and nutritional status of the Shabar tribal adolescents of Orissa, India: A Cross-sectional Study. Malaysian J Nutrition. 2008;14:101–12.

WHO, Women’s Health; Improve our Health, Improve our World. Paper presented at 4th World Conference on women, Geneva. 1995;2:1-218.

Ganguly SK. A study of adolescents in rural area; Health and Population – Perspective and Issue. 2001:24(4):18-25.

Rao KM, Kumar RH, Venkaiah K, Brahmam GNV. Nutritional status of Saharia - A primitive tribe of Rajasthan. J Hum Ecol. 2006;19:117–23.

Bisai S, Mallick C. Prevalence of undernutrition among Kora-Mudi children aged 2-13 years in Paschim Medinipur District, West Bengal, India. World J Pediatr. 2011;7:31–6.