DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20215001
Published: 2021-12-27

Pattern of road traffic injuries among individuals attending a rural health training center in Tamil Nadu

Gopinathan Samundeswari, Rajasekar Niranjan, Kumar Pradeep, Velavan Anandan, Anil J. Purty

Abstract


Background: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are a leading public health problem. Approximately 1.3 million people die each year as a result of road traffic crashes as of June 2021. RTIs cause considerable economic losses to individuals, their families, and to nations as a whole. 93% of the world's fatalities on the roads occur in low-and middle-income countries. This study aimed to assess the pattern of RTIs among individuals attending a rural health training center in Tamil Nadu.

Methods: The present study was a record based cross sectional study comprising of 113 patients who attended an outpatient department in rural health training center in Tamil Nadu from January 2021 to June 2021.We collected socio-demographic data (age and sex) and pattern of injuries from the database. We entered data in excel sheet and analyzed using SPSS version 21.0.

Results: Mean (±SD) age of the patients was 34.2(±18.46) years. Most common pattern of injury was abrasion 98 (86.7%), followed by contusion 28 (24.8%) and laceration 14 (12.4%) respectively. Most RTIs required dressing 106 (93.8%) while 13 (11.5%) needed suturing.

Conclusions: The present study showed that RTIs were more common in the younger male population. Abrasion was the most common type of injury reported.

 


Keywords


Injury pattern, Road traffic accident, RTIs, Rural health center

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