DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20203889

Comparison of depression among medical and dental students of Qassim University 2019

Anas Saleh Alsumaani, K. Chandra Sekhar

Abstract


Background: Prevalence of depression enormously increasing throughout the world including developing and developed world. Especially in case of medical and dental students, after completion of schooling, will enter into University level and there will be different exposure, syllabus load and scientific terminology and adjustment to the surroundings leads to become depressive nature. Objective was to estimate the prevalence of depression, demographic variables and risk factors association with depression among medical and dental students of Qassim university.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted March 2019 to June 2020 among the medical and dental students of Qassim University. A total of 235 sample collected through Google forms due to COVID-19 pandemic situation. Data entered in Statistical package for social sciences, 21.0 version and necessary statistical tests were applied.

Results: In the present study about 235 study participants, of which 174 medical and 61 dental students participated. Among the 174 medical students, about 62.1% were males and among the 61 dental students, about 39.3% were males. Prevalence of depression among medical students and dental students was 82.90% and 86.90% respectively. Socioeconomic status was significantly associated with depression in both the groups’ medical and dental students.

Conclusions: High prevalence of depression was noticed in medical and dental students. Need to strengthen the supportive health programs to the medical and dental students to be arranged and will indirectly reduce the stress among the students.


Keywords


Age, Dental students, Depression, Medical students, PHQ-9, Risk factors, SES

Full Text:

PDF

References


Costa EF, Rocha MM, Santos, AT, Melo EV, Martins LA, Andrade TM. Common mental disorders and associated factors among final year health care students. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 2014;60(6):525-30.

American Psychiatric Association. What Is Depression. Available from: https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/depression/what-is-depression. Accessed on 15 December 2018.

National Institute of Mental Health. Prevalence of major depressive episode among adults. Available from: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/ major-depression.shtml. Accessed on 15 December 2018.

Al-Qadhi W, ur Rahman S, Ferwana MS, Abdulmajeed IA. Adult depression screening in Saudi primary care: prevalence, instrument and cost. BMc Psychiatr. 2014;14(1):190.

Khan TA, Arif H, Sabahat S, Khan G, Khan A. Depression among medical students of a public sector medical university in Pakistan. Ann Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2019;1(1):1005.

Schwenk TL, Davis L, Wimsatt LA. Depression, stigma, and suicidal ideation in medical students. JAMA. 2010;304(11):1181-90.

Uttra AM, Uttra MGM, Rauf A, Uttra MM, Hassan UH, Batool A. Prevalence of depression; a cross-sectional study among MBBS students of Sargodha medical college, Sargodha Pakistan. Prof Med J. 2017;24(3):482-9.

Naz N, Iqbal S, Mahmood A. Stress, anxiety and depression among the dental students of university college of medicine and dentistry Lahore; Pakistan. Pak J Med Health Sci. 2017;11(4):1277-81.

Singh A, Lal A, Singh S. Prevalence of depression among medical students of a private medical college in India. Online J Health Allied Sci. 2011;9(4).

Alharbi H, Almalki A, Alabdan F, Haddad B. Depression among medical students in Saudi medical colleges: a cross-sectional study. Adv Med Educ Pract. 2018;9:887.

Aboalshamat K, Hou XY, Strodl E. Psychological well-being status among medical and dental students in Makkah, Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study. Med Teach. 2015;37(sup1):S75-81.

Basudan S, Binanzan N, Alhassan A. Depression, anxiety and stress in dental students. Int J Med Educ. 2017;8:179.

Raghunathan D, Ramakrishnan D, Valsan KI, Ambika S. Prevalence of depression among students of a dental tertiary care center in Kerala. Indian J Community Med. 2019;44(Suppl 1):S14.

Fuad MD, Al-Zurfi BM, AbdulQader MA, Bakar MF, Elnajeh M, Abdullah MR. Prevalence and risk factors of stress, anxiety and depression among medical students of a private medical University in Malaysia in 2015. Educ Med J. 2015;7.

Khan TA, Arif H, Sabahat S, Khan G, Khan A. Depression among medical students of a public sector medical university in Pakistan. Ann Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2019;1(1):1005.

Tilahune AB, Bekele G, Mekonnen N, Tamiru E. Prevalence of unrecognized depression and associated factors among patients attending medical outpatient department in Adare hospital, Hawassa, Ethiopia. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2016;12:2723-9.

Udedi M. The prevalence of depression among patients and its detection by primary health care workers at Matawale Health Centre (Zomba). Malawi Med J. 2014;26(2):34-7.

Chaudhuri SB, Mandal PK, Chakrabarty M, Bandyopadhyay G, Bhattacherjee S. A study on the prevalence of depression and its risk factors among adult population of Siliguri subdivision of Darjeeling district, West Bengal. J Family Med Prim Care. 2017;6:351-5.

Laurence B, Williams C, Eiland D. Depressive symptoms, stress, and social support among dental students at a historically black college and university. J Am Coll Health. 2009;58:56-63.

Pinto-Meza A, Serrano-Blanco A, Peñarrubia MT, Blanco E, Haro JM. Assessing depression in primary care with the PHQ-9: Can it be carried out over the telephone? J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20:738-42.

Al-Saleh SA, Al-Madi EM, Al-Angari NS, Al-Shehri HA, Shukri MM. Survey of perceived stress-inducing problems among dental students, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Dent J. 2010;22(2):83-8.

Muirhead V, Locker D. Canadian dental students’ perceptions of stress. J Can Dent Assoc. 2007;73(4):323.