DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20203390

Estimation of hemoglobin for screening of anemia in undergraduate students in Hyderabad city, India

Syeda Nasreen, Uzma N. Syeda, Naseem Unnisa

Abstract


Background: Anemia is a condition that is marked by low levels of hemoglobin in the blood. Iron is a key component of hemoglobin, and iron deficiency is estimated to be responsible for half of all anemia globally. The present study was conducted to find out the prevalence of anemia among undergraduate students of (17-21 years) in Hyderabad city, India.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in different UG colleges in urban areas of Hyderabad for 3 months and a total 57 women participants were selected to volunteer study. All participants underwent screening using anthropometry with haemoglobin estimation using Sahli’s method. The 24-hour dietary recall was also recorded and analysed to assess the nutritional adequacy of the diet.

Results: Prevalence rate of iron deficiency anemia was found to be 57.89 per cent, of the total 54.38 per cent were mild anemic and 3.51 percent were moderately anemic.  

Conclusions: Nutritional anaemia is one of the most preventable forms of anaemia if resources available individualize therapy focusing on the confluence of various causative factors should be implemented.

 

 


Keywords


Haemoglobin, Nutritional deficiency, Nutritional anaemia, Sahli’s method

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