DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20203030

Masks: usage during COVID-19 pandemic

Mohsina Mukhtar, Suhail N. Bhat

Abstract


Overnight, masks have become a symbol of social responsibility. Wearing a face mask is certainly not an iron-clad guarantee that a person won’t get sick. Face masks are crucial for health care providers looking after patients and are also recommended for family members who need to care for someone who is ill - ideally both the patient and caregiver should have a mask.


Keywords


Masks, Respirator, Surgical masks, Corona virus, Care of masks

Full Text:

PDF

References


COVID- WHO. Advice on the use of masks in the context of COVID-19. 2020;4:1-5.

Infection prevention and control of epidemic- and pandemic-prone acute respiratory infections in health care. WHO Guidel. 2014: 1-156. Available at: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/112656/ 1/9789241507134_eng.pdf. Accessed on 3 January 2020.

Atlanta: CDC. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Use of respirators and surgical masks for protection against healthcare hazards. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/ niosh/topics/healthcarehsps/respiratory.html. Accessed on 10 April 2020.

Stockholm E. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Safe use of personal protective equipment in the treatment of infectious diseases of high consequence. Available at: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/ media/en/publications/Publications/safe-use-of-ppe.pdf. Published 2014. Accessed April 10, 2020.

Leung NHL, Chu DKW, Shiu EYC, Chan KW, McDevitt JJ, Hau BJP, et al. Respiratory virus shedding in exhaled breath and efficacy of face masks. Nat Med. 2020;26:676-80.

Li R, Pei S, Chen B, Song Y, Zhang T, Yang W, et al. Substantial undocumented infection facilitates the rapid dissemination of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV2). Science. 2020;368(6490):189-93.

C Rothe, Schunk M, Sothmann P, Bretzel G, Froeschl G, Wallrauch C. Transmission of 2019-nCoV infection from an asymptomatic contact in Germany. One-Minute Summary New Information Posted Post-Publication PHO Reviewer’ s C omments. N Engl J Med. 2020;29:27-9.

Tapiwa G, Cécile K, Dongxuan C. Estimating the generation interval for COVID-19 based on symptom onset data. medRxiv. 2020: 1-13.

Geneva World Health Organization. Non-Pharmaceutical Public Health Measures for Mitigating the Risk and Impact of Epidemic and Pandemic Influenza.; 2019. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/329438/9789241516839-eng.pdf. Accessed on 10 April 2020.

ECDC. Using Face Masks in the Community.; 2020.

Rengasamy S, Eimer B, Shaffer RE. Simple Respiratory Protection- Evaluation of the Filtration Performance of Cloth Masks and Common Fabric Materials Against 20 - 1000 nm Size Particles. Ann Occup Hyg. 2010;54(7):789-98.

MacIntyre CR, Seale H, Dung TC, Hien NT, Nga PT, Chughtai AA, et al. A cluster randomised trial of cloth masks compared with medical masks in healthcare workers. BMJ Open. 2015;5(4):e006577.