DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20195094

Awareness of tuberculosis in the community: time to rethink strategies

Meera Shankar, Ramasubramanian V., Balasubramaniam Ramakrishnan

Abstract


Background: Tuberculosis is highly prevalent in developing countries like India and several strategies have been implemented by the World Health Organization and Government of India in order to minimize its burden. However, effectiveness of these strategies is best achieved when there is adequate awareness among the general population regarding the cause and spread of the disease. This study was carried out to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding tuberculosis among general population.

Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out among 500 adults visiting our tertiary care center as patients or attenders for a period of one year between April 2018 and March 2019. A structured interview schedule was used to collect information regarding the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding the cause, spread and management of tuberculosis infection.

Results: About 73.6% of the study participants felt that tuberculosis was a genetic disorder, while only 12.4% of them were aware that the infection was transmitted through coughing, etc. Moreover, 18% of the participants believed that the medications for treating tuberculosis could be stopped without the supervision of the health care provider.

Conclusions: This study has elicited the prevailing misconception regarding the cause, transmission, treatment and prevention of tuberculosis. It is important for policy makers and public health program implementation experts to develop health literacy campaigns to specifically create awareness among the population, so as to facilitate successful mitigation of the disease.


Keywords


Awareness, Communicable disease, Disease transmission, Health literacy, Tuberculosis

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organization. Tuberculosis. Key facts. Available at: https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/tuberculosis. Accessed on 25 September 2019.

India TB report, 2018. Revised National Tuebrculosis Control Programme. Annual Status Report. Available at: https://tbcindia.gov.in/show file.php?lid=3314. Accessed on 25 September 2019.

World Health Organization. Tuberculosis. Country Profiles. Available at: https://www.who.int/tb/ country/data/profiles/en/. Accessed on 25 September 2019.

World Health Organization. Tuberculosis (TB). End TB strategy. Available at: https://www.who.int/tb/ strategy/en/. Accessed on 25 September 2019.

Advocacy, Communication and Social Mobilization to fight TB. ACSM subgroup at country level. World Health Organization. Available at: http:// www.stoptb.org/assets/documents/resources/publications/acsm/tb-advocacy.pdf. Accessed on 25 September 2019.

World Health Organisation. The Global Plan to Stop TB, 2006-2015: Actions for life, towards a world free of tuberculosis. Geneva: World Health Organisation; 2006. Available at: https://www.who .int/tb/features_archive/global_plan_to_stop_tb/en/. Accessed on 25 September 2019.

The global plan to stop TB. 2011-15. Transforming the fight. Towards elimination of tuberculosis. World Health Organization. Available at: http://www.stoptb.org/assets/documents/global/plan/TB_GlobalPlanToStopTB2011-2015.pdf

Sockrider MM, Wolle JM. Helping patients better adhere to treatment regimen. J Respir Dis. 2005;17: 204-16.

Advocacy, Communication and Social Mobilization for TB control. A guide to developing knowledge, attitude and practice surveys. World Health Organization. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris /bitstream/handle/10665/43790/9789241596176_eng.pdf?sequence=1. Accessed on 25 September 2019.

Chinnakali P, Ramakrishnan J, Vasudevan K, Gurumurthy J, Upadhyay RP, Panigrahi KC. Level of awareness about tuberculosis in urban slums: Implications for advocacy and communication strategy planning in the national program. Lung India. 2013;30(2):139-42.

Jangid VK, Agarwal NK, Yadav GS, Pandey S, Mathur BB. Knowledge and awareness of the tuberculosis in tuberculosis patients at a tertiary care centre in North West Rajasthan, India. Ntl J Community Med. 2016;7(4):262-8.

Sagili KD, Satyanarayana S, Chadha SS. Is knowledge regarding tuberculosis associated with stigmatizing and discriminating attitudes of general population towards tuberculosis patients? Findings from a community based survey in 30 districts of India. PLoS One. 2016;11(2):e0147274.