Lifestyle factors and lifestyle diseases among rural population of Bengaluru rural district

Deepadarshan H., Shweta D. Hiremath


Background: Rapid urbanization and industrialization is leading to increased lifestyle risk factors and thus lifestyle diseases. Lifestyle diseases are causing more number of deaths and disability worldwide in recent years. Recent studies have shown a higher risk of lifestyle diseases among rural population. Hence this study was conducted to assess the lifestyle factors and lifestyle diseases and to know the prevalence of lifestyle diseases among rural population. Study design and setting: Cross-sectional study in Rural Health Training Centre, Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru.

Methods: For a sample size of 108, systematic sampling was done and a questionnaire was administered. Data collected regarding lifestyle risk factors and diseases and analyzed using SPSS v 20.

Results: 66 out of 108 participants (61.1%) had one or more lifestyle risk factors. Prevalence of lifestyle diseases was 37.03%. Hypertension was the most common disease with 27 (25%) cases followed by diabetes mellitus (16.7%) and asthma/COPD (7.5%). There was significant association between lifestyle factors like Tobacco and cigarette use, junk foods, overweight and obesity with lifestyle diseases.

Conclusions: There is a need for population based program at primary level on lifestyle modification in the prevention of lifestyle diseases. 


Lifestyle, risk factors, non-communicable diseases, Rural

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