Study of association of age and BMI with knee osteoarthritis among females in age group of 40 to 60 years in urban population of Kadapa town

Devidas Tondare, Suresh Kumbhar, K. J. Kishore, N. Khadervali


Background: Knee osteoarthritis is a significant problem in ageing population as females are more prone for the disease compare to males. Increase in life expectancy has made ageing worldwide phenomenon including developing countries. Risk factors related to the knee osteoarthritis may be multiple but female sex, age and obesity are more common in any region of country and world. The aim and objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis among females in age group of 40 to 60 years and see the effect of age and weight of patient on knee osteoarthritis.

Methods: Cross sectional study was conducted at field practice area of Community Medicine Department in Kadapa town among females in age group of 40 to 60 years. Total 150 females participated in the study from the urban health training centre area in one month (November-December 2011) and study was conducted with personal interviews of participants in preformed questionnaire after obtaining the consent.

Results: 150 participants were enrolled in the study, in age group of 40 to 50 years 76 (50.67%) and 50 to 60 years 74 (49.33%). Total 63 (42%) participants were affected with knee osteoarthritis. Among them 25 (32.89%) participants were in the age group of 40-50 years and 38 (51.35%) in the age group of 50 to 60 years which is significantly more. As per BMI participant with BMI >25 were significantly more affected 29 (63.04%) compared with participants with normal BMI, 17 (33.33%).

Conclusions: Knee osteoarthritis is significantly associated with advanced age and obesity. 


Knee osteoarthritis, Females, Age, Obesity, BMI

Full Text:



Chopra A, Patil J, Billampelly V, Relwani J, Tandale HS. Prevalence of rheumatic diseases in a rural population in Western India: a WHO-ILAR COPCORD study. J Assoc Physicians India. 2001;49(2):240-6.

Bhatia D, Bejarano, T, Novo M. Current Interventions in the Management of Knee Osteoarthritis. J Pharma Bio-allied Sci. 2013;5:30-8.

Salve H, Gupta V, Palanivel C, Yadav K, Singh B. Prevalence of knee osteoarthritis amongst perimenopausal women in an urban resettlement colony in South Delhi. Indian J Public Health. 2010;54:155-7.

Kapur P, Sinha B, Pereira BM. Measuring climacteric symptoms and age at natural menopause in an Indian population using the Greene Climacteric Scale. Menopuase. 2009;16(2):378-84.

United Nations. World Population 2300. Available at:

.../World Pop2300final.pdf. Accessed on 10 January 2017.

Fransen M, Bridgett L, March Lyn, Hoy D, Penserga E. The epidemiology of osteoarthritis in Asia. Int J Rheumatic Dis. 2011;14:113-21.

Sharma MK, Swami HM, Bhatia V, Verma A, Bhatia SPS, Kaur G. An epidemiological study of correlates of osteo-arthritis in geriatric population of UT Chandigarh. Indian J Community Med. 2007;1(1):77-8.

Radha MS, Gangadhar MR. Prevalence of knee osteoarthritis patients in Mysore city, Karnataka. Int J Recent Sci Res. 2015;6(4):3316-20.

Kamble VS, Ghodke YD, Dhumale GB, Avchat SS, Goyal RC. Health status of elderly persons in rural area of India. Indian Medical Gazette. 2012: 295-299.

Bhandarkar P, Patil P, Shekhar C, Kamat N. Prevalence of osteoarthritis knee: four year study based on digital records of comprehensive healthcare setup at Mumbai, India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3:1049-53.

Ganvir SD, Zambre BR. Prevalence of Identification of Risk Factors for knee osteoarthritis among elderly men and women. Sch J Appl Med Sci. 2013;1(6):700-3.