Contraceptive knowledge, attitude and practice among married women of reproductive age group in a rural area of Karnataka: a cross sectional study

Radha Ramaiah, Srividya Jayarama


Background: India was the first country to implement Family Planning Programme in 1952. The extent of acceptance of contraceptive methods still varies within societies and also among different religious groups. Objectives: To determine knowledge, attitude, practice regarding contraceptive use among married women of reproductive age group in a rural area of Karnataka.

Methods: A community based, cross sectional study was conducted among 200 married women of reproductive age group residing in a rural area of Karnataka. Data regarding knowledge, attitude, practice of contraceptive methods was collected using a predesigned questionnaire prepared in local language. Institutional ethical committee approval, informed consent from the study participants was taken and anonymity, confidentiality was ensured.

Results: Out of 200 study participants, 81% had knowledge and awareness of family planning methods, positive attitude for contraceptive use was shown by 76% of study participants, 53% were practicing different contraceptive methods.

Conclusions: Women education and counseling of couples can play an important role to adopt family planning methods.



Knowledge, Practice, Contraceptive methods, Rural women

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