Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus among non teaching staff of a medical college in North Karnataka: a cross sectional study

Birendra Babu Yadav, Shivaswamy M. S., M. D. Mallapur


Background: Diabetes threatens to assume pandemic level by 2030 and there is no available statistics of type2 diabetes mellitus on non-teaching staff. The risk factors like bad habits, family history, waist hip ratio (≥ 0.9 in males and ≥0.85 in females), BMI (≥28) and IDRS (>60) all attributed to the high prevalence of pre-diabetic as well as diabetes. Aims: To know the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among non-teaching staff and to determine the risk factors associated with it.

Methods: A facility based cross – sectional study was conducted among all the non-teaching staff of Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belagavi from February to October 2014.A total 500 (394 males and 106 female) participants between age group 20-59 years were selected for the study. After taking written informed consent, information regarding socioeconomic and risk factors were collected though pre – tested questionnaire. Physical examination were done to calculate BMI, Waist –Hip ratio and IDRS (Indian diabetes risk score). The random blood sugar was estimated to identify the diabetes and pre-diabetics.

Results: The overall prevalence of diabetics and pre- diabetics was 5 per cent and 17 per cent respectively. The prevalence of diabetes was highest in age group 50-59 years. The risk factor like bad habit, waist hip ratio (≥0.9 in males and ≥0.85 in females), BMI (≥28) and IDRS (>60) attributed to high prevalence of pre diabetics and diabetics.

Conclusions: The prevalence of diabetes was more among non-teaching staff so; both preventive and curative services should be provided to them. 


Type 2 diabetes, Prevalence, Non-teaching staff, Random blood sugar

Full Text:



Gupta V. Type 2 diabetes mellitus in India; South Asia Network for Chronic disease, New Delhi, 2012.

BMI (Body Mass Index) Classification for Asians. 2013. Available at: http://www.protectyour Accessed on 2 March 2017.

World Health Organization (WHO), Technical Report Series (TRS) 894, 2000.

Dudala SR, Arlappa N. An updated Prasad’s socio economic status classification for 2013. Int J Res Dev Health. 2013;1(2):26-8.

Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS). 2014. Available at:>topic>diabetes> epidemic in India. Accessed on 2 March 2017.

American Diabetes Association (ADA). 2014. Available at: http:// diabetes association recommendation. Accessed on 2 March 2017.

Jiamjarasrangsi W, Lertmaharit S, Sangwatanaroj S, et al. Type 2 Diabetes, Impaired fasting glucose, and their association with increased hepatic enzyme levels among the Employees in a University Hospital in Thailand. J. Med Assoc Thai 2009;19(7).

Ramachandran A, Snehalatha C, Kapur A, Vijay V, Mohan V, Das AK, et al. High prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in India: National Urban Diabetes Survey. Diabetologia. 2001;44:1094-1101.

Ahuja MMS. Epidemiological studies on diabetes mellitus in India. In: Ahuja MMS, editor. Epidemiology of developing countries. New Delhi: Interprit; 1979; 29-38.

Megerssa YC, Gebre MW, Birru SK, Goshu AR, Tesfaye DY. Prevalence of Undiagnosed Diabetes Mellitus and its Risk Factors in selected institutions at Bishoftu Town, East Shoa, Ethiopia. J Diabtes Metab. 2013;S12:2-7.

Vijayakumar G, Arun R, Kutty VR. High Prevalence of Type 2 Other Metabolic Disorders in and Rural Central Kerala. JAPI. 2009;57:563-67.

Ahmad J, Masoodi MA, Ashraf M, Rashid R, Ahmad R, Ahmad A, et al. Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and its Associated Risk Factors in Age Group of 20 Years and Above in Kashmir, India. Al Ameen J Med Sci. 2011;4(1):38-44.

Gupta SK, Singh Z, Purti AJ, Vishwanathan M. Diabetes Prevalence and its risk factors in Urban Pondicherry. Int J Diab Dev Ctries. 2009:1(2):26-8.