Does awareness on health hazards of tobacco use promote quit attempt? An observational study from urban Pondicherry

Bijaya N. Naik, Sitanshu S. Kar, Marie G. Majella, Parthibane S.


Tobacco use is the most prevalent behavioural risk factors for non-communicable diseases. In rural Pondicherry, the willingness to quit is low despite higher proportion of tobacco users being aware of health hazards of tobacco use. Hence, this observational study was conducted with the aim to assess the awareness on health hazards of tobacco use and quit attempt among the tobacco users attending an urban health centre in Pondicherry. A total of 90 individuals above 15 years of age attending the centre for treatment were included in the study and interviewed after obtaining verbal informed consent. Socio-demographic details, awareness on health hazards of tobacco use, quit attempts and reasons for failed quit attempt were noted down using a semi-structured questionnaire. Majority (64.4%, 58/90) of the current smokers were aware of health hazards related to tobacco use. Only one third of the tobacco users had tobacco quit attempt. Tobacco quit attempt recorded to be significantly (p value < 0.05) higher among people who were aware of health hazards (50%, 29/58) than the people who were not aware of health hazards (12.5%, 4/32). Creating awareness on health hazards and providing personalized counselling services to address reasons for failed quit attempt will improve the successful quitting of tobacco use.


Tobacco, Health hazards

Full Text:



Mathers CD, Loncar D. Projections of Global Mortality and Burden of Disease from 2002 to 2030. Plos Med. 2006;3:e442.

Mishra GA, Pimple SA, Shastri SS. An overview of the tobacco problem in India. Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol. 2012;33:139–45.

Raute LJ, Sansone G, Pednekar MS, Fong GT, Gupta PC, Quah ACK, et al. Knowledge of health effects and intentions to quit among smokeless tobacco users in India: findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) India Pilot Survey. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Apjcp. 2011;12:1233–8.

Surani NS, Gupta PC, Fong TG, Pednekar MS, Quah AC, Bansal-Travers M. Intention to quit among Indian tobacco users: findings from International Tobacco Control Policy evaluation India pilot survey. Indian J Cancer. 2012;49:431–7.

Garg A, Singh MM, Gupta VK, Garg S, Daga MK, Saha R. Prevalence and correlates of tobacco smoking, awareness of hazards, and quitting behavior among persons aged 30 years or above in a resettlement colony of Delhi, India. Lung India. 2012;29:336–40.

Naik S, Patil S, Kamble S, Khan M. Awareness about Tobacco Habit, Its Hazards and Willingness to Quit the Habit among Patients. J Med Dental Sci. 2013;3:27–31.

Srivastava S, Malhotra S, Harries AD, Lal P, Arora M. Correlates of tobacco quit attempts and cessation in the adult population of India: secondary analysis of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 2009-10. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:263.

Santhanakrishnan I, Kar SS, Kumar SG. Prevalence of tobacco use among adults in Ramanathapuram village of Pondicherry. Int J Med Public Heal. 2014;4:298-300.