DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20171768

A study on epidemiological determinants and reproductive health practices among female commercial sex workers of Dharwad district

Geeta V. Bathija, Madhavi Gajula

Abstract


Background: Prostitution is linked with many socio-demographic disadvantages like minority status, low income and education level, frequent harassment by family and police and social stigma.

Methods: It’s a cross-sectional study, done among female commercial sex workers. A sample of 100 women was chosen conveniently, for a study period of 2 months i.e. May and June 2015. The women were one-one interviewed in depth by a semi-structured questionnaire, finalized after Pilot testing. The data was entered into MS Excel, analysed using SPSS v 20.0 and data was presented as means and percentages.

Results: 48% of the study sample belonged to the age group of 30-39. 50% of the study samples were involved in home based sex trade, 6% in brothel and 8% in public streets. All of them reported some sort of STI symptom, 39% reported burning micturition, itching and genital sores and 28% reported excessive white discharge. Regarding violence and harassment, 65% faced domestic violence at home, 37% experienced sexual violence like beatings, burning of private parts and forcible sex without payment. 31% had experienced harassment by unnatural sex.

Conclusions: Poverty was cited as the most common reason for getting into this trade with half of their families being unaware of it and for a very meagre pay. Removal of social stigma can help in rehabilitating these women back into the society. 


Keywords


Female commercial sex workers, SPAD, Dharwad

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ghosh S. Professional abortion seekers: The sex workers of Kolkata, Abortion assessment project- India; 2003: 1-17.

Ramesh BM, Rajeshwari NV, Sankangoudar S. Female commercial sex workers of Karnataka: Abaseline survey 2002. Population research centre, JSS Dharward PRC report no 130; 2003.

Becker M. The Intersection between Sex Work and Reproductive Health in Northern Karnataka, India: Identifying Gaps and Opportunities in the Context of HIV Prevention. Hindawi Publishing Corporation. AIDS Research and Treatment. 2012;2012.

Hemalatha R, Kumar RH, Venkaiah K, Srinivasan K, Brahmam GNV. Prevalence of & knowledge, attitude & practices towards HIV & sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSWs) in Andhra Pradesh. Indian J Med Res. 2011;134(4):470–5.

Waserheit JN. Epidemiological synergy, Interrelationship between HIV infection and other STDs. Sex Transm Dis. 1992;19(2):61-77.

Uganda Youth Development Link 2013;”Good practices in sexual reproductive health in ACSW, 2004.

Yerpude P, Jogdand K, Child Rearing Practices Amongest Brothel-based Commercial Medicine : Official Publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine. 2012;37(3):197-9.

Pandian K, Chandrashekhar H, Madhusudan S. Psychological morbidity among female commercial sex workers with alcohol and drug abuse. Indian J Psychiatry. 2012;54(4):349–51.

Duff P, Shoveller J, Feng C, Ogilvie G, Montaner J, Shannon K. Pregnancy intentions among female sex workers: recognising their rights and wants as mothers. J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care. 2015;41(2):102-8.

Shethwala ND, Mulla SA, Kosambiya JK, Desai VK. Sexually transmitted infections and reproductive tract infections in female sex workers. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2009;52(2):198-9.

El-Bassel ND, Write SS, Wada T, Gilbert L, Wallace J. Correlates of violence among female street based sex workers: substance abuse, clients abuse and HIV status. AIDS Patient Care and STDs. 2004;15(1):41-51.